With many school-age kids spending more time online these days, teaching them how to be safe in cyberspace is more important than ever. Kids need to know and understand many of the same online rules as adults, such as:
use unique passwords for every online account you create;
be wary of random emails with links or attachments and learn how to check if they’re really from a trusted source;
don’t give out personal information just because a website or app asks for it;
be aware if your technology has camera and audio capabilities and know how to check if they’re on or off;
consider covering built-in device cameras when not in use (this can be done with a special removable sticker or slider designed for this purpose, or even with a sticky note or other temporary item);
make sure your software is up-to-date so known security issues can’t be exploited.
On top of this, many families add additional rules based on a child’s age and level of responsibility. Things like:
checking with an adult before creating a new account;
not making in-app or online purchases without checking with an adult;
implementing parental controls that block access to certain types of content, and/or monitoring of a child’s browsing history;
using internet-connected devices only in certain areas of the home (usually where adults are present and can supervise);
limiting the amount of screen time and hours of the day when screens are in use (e.g. turn off all electronics an hour before bedtime);
telling an adult if anything they see/experience online makes them upset or afraid, or if they’re being bullied.
Of course, all of these rules of the online road need to be introduced in age-appropriate ways and ideally with an eye to it being an ongoing conversation you’ll continue to have, adding new information as your child gets older or new issues emerge. In addition to supervising and monitoring your child’s Internet use, teaching them how to be safe while learning or having fun and creating open communication around online issues are equally important.
Below are a few good resources to help get you started or continue the conversation: